Anabolic steroids, also called as anabolic androgenic steroids, are androgens that contain natural androgens such as testosterone and synthetic androgens that have similar effects like testosterone. They are anabolic and help to enrich protein within cells. A typical anabolic steroid has varying degrees of virilizing and androgenic effects such as enhancement of bone density, development and maintenance of masculine sexual characteristics and lots more. Due to the diverse benefits of steroids, they have been used in many fields since ages.
History of anabolic steroids
The idea and perception that testosterone can be isolated from testicles date back to 1930s. In the year 1931, Adolf Butenandt, a chemist collected about 15 mg of androstenone (a hormone found in males). He extracted it from some thousand liters of male urine. He had the idea that the hormone can be harnessed to boost testosterone levels among men.
At this point in time, scientists were already aware of a more powerful androgen. A number of pharmaceutical firms contended to isolate a stronger hormone, which is now commonly known as testosterone. By the year 1937, human trials began to develop the understanding and benefits of testosterone.
The beginning of performance boosting anabolic steroids
The Soviet Union and East Germany were the first countries to explore the use of testosterone in boosting physical performance in the 1940s. Initially, they used testosterone on their Olympic weightlifters. With a few side effects, the use of testosterone appeared to be a big success. Obviously, the United States wanted to capitalize the perks of these testosterone boosters. John Ziegler, the US Olympic team physician, worked with some chemists to come up with a drug that had similar performance boosting abilities with no side effects.
The product was methandrostenolone which was later sold as Dianabol by Ciba pharmaceuticals. Today, it is one of the most trusted anabolic steroids used by athletes and bodybuilders all over the world. Even Arnold Schwarzenegger confessed that he experimented with steroids such as Dianabol (the first anabolic steroid he used) during his reign as Mr. Olympia. However, the early steroids had a series of ill effects on users.
Current day situation
Things have undergone drastic changes, and we have variations of steroids (including the anabolic steroid) that are supposed to boost sporting performance with minimum or no side effects. However, most of the steroids are banned by sporting organizations. Except for medical conditions requiring prescription, they are illegal in various countries. Yet, some legal steroids exist and are used by athletes and bodybuilders under professional supervision and guidance. It is believed that anabolic steroids will be completely legal with modifications in the coming decades.
The usage of an anabolic steroid dates back to ages ever since the desire to enhance muscular performance arose. From boosting of sexual performance to sports, steroids are now used all over the world. If used properly, steroids can go a long way in getting positive results with minimum side effects. Just be sure you use them in accordance with the guidelines and consultation of professionals and doctors, and you are on your way to achieving your muscle/body building, athletic or sex related goals.